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books every weekend on c-span2. from the fourth annual book festival, the triumph of the city featuring edward glaeser. his book is "the triumph of the city: how our greatest invention makes us richer, smarter, greener, healthier and happier." >> thank you for coming to the auditorium today. this is brought to you by wbur new station. thank you. thank you. i am sure some of you are saying, wow, that is bob oakes? [laughter] i thought he was taller. i thought he was thinner. i thought he had more hair. [laughter] you know, the funny thing is that all those things were true last week. let me thank all of you for coming here this afternoon and think the book festival for having us. don't they do a nice job? isn't this a terrific event? [applause] >> that is also part of the plymouth rock foundation for sponsoring this session and without their generosity, it would be hard to put on an event like this that add to the cultural life that we all enjoyed in this great city. so thank you to them. [applause] in the way, that is what we are here to talk about this afternoon. the triumph of the cit
of the city, featuring edward glaeser. it's about an hour, 15. >> good afternoon and thank you very much for coming to this auditorium today. let me introduce myself, i'm bob oakes from morning edition on wb, ur, boston's npr news station. [applause] thank you. thank you. i'm sure some of you are saying, wow, that's bob oakes? this. [laughter] i thought he was taller, i thought he was thinner, i thought he had more hair, and, you know, the funny thing is that all those things were true last week. [laughter] let me thank all of you for coming here this afternoon and thank the boston book festival for having us. don't they do a nice job? isn't this a atlantic event? -- a terrific event? [applause] let's also thank the plymouth rock foundation for sponsoring this particular session and say that without their generosity, it would be hard to put on events like this that add to the cultural life that we all enjoy in this great city, so thanks to them. [applause] and in a way that's what we're here to talk about this afternoon, the triumph of this city and all the cities, the triumph of the cit
will find are engaged, informed, cultured citizens and in growing numbers. we are a smarter city than we give ourselves credit for, and we need to get comfortable with that idea. i hope it's because you've been watching more public television, i hope so. [applause] [laughter] but i am sure that there is no better way to take us to the next level than to hear from a literary icon. tom wolfe was born and raised in richmond, virginia, educated at washington university and later learned a ph.d. from yale. he spent his first ten years as a newspaper man mostly doing general assignment reporting, and i bet if i called on many of you, you could easily name his novels; "the right stuff," "in our time," "the bonfire of the vanities" and many more, and now "back to blood" which reflects miami back to all of us. how are we going to react to that? he is credited with the birth of new journalism and the death of the american novel by some. he is the mark twain of our time. how lucky are we to have a moment in time with him? and what better way to start this conversation -- hopefully i can get them to
one of the big things you have is maas i have cities being developed where you have huge needs like the kind of infrastructure feeds we talk about, and the idea that cities are going to be walking around with these mobile computers that are far more powerful than anybody's computer was 20 years ago, it's going to be a tremendous opportunity for these cities solve problems. just like john snowe and henry white had walking around london in 1854, they were looking for patterns in the day. but they didn't have real technology that let them notice those patterns or report them. now in these new emerging, you know, mega cities, we're going to have tremendous resources available. >> host: and we'll finish with a quote from the both map. with the exception of the earth atmosphere, the city is life's largest footprint and microbes are its smallest. it is a great testimony to the connectedness of life on earth that the fates of the largest and the tiniest life should be so closely dependent on each other. and for the past three hours we have been talking with steven onson, to have of -- johns
of excitement when she returned to new york in the fall of 1860. the city shimmered with news that the prince of wales was coming to visit. in his honor, a group of leading citizens was organizing a ball. society than was very excited. excited couples who had paid $10 apiece arrive at the academy of music. women curl their hair and they had special nods to acquaintances and friends. precisely at 10:00 p.m., they prayed and sang god save the queen and the slight friends stepped into the room. for two hours, nearly 3000 of new york's finest citizens rushed like schoolgirls to meet him. in a mad crush, the wooden floor collapsed. the band played furiously. the guests rushed to follow and they piled their plates with lobster salad, and filled their glasses with champagne. at 2:00 a.m., the dance floor shift. eager females, young and old, waited their turn for a waltz or a polka and finally the young woman was there. her arms were covered in long white gloves. hetty was introduced to his highness, the prince of wales. >> i am the princess of wales, she replied. [laughter] you are proof of that, sa
six years with a good life for both lived in europe, you can travel, the capital cities and things you don't normally see. how cool to see the pyramids? i had not had this on a her and i had not been into a store open past 8:00 p.m. and i wanted to come home. i was selected to attend the weapons school which is the airforce version of the navy's school. had done at as the abbreviated exchange. they are not half of what we are. you are airforce attendance. good. [laughter] the football game today is bureau of them. it was a good school but nothing like ours. six months long and it was miserable. i cannot a change in human being. i lost almost all of my cockiness and quiet few tail feathers than spent the next decade being in the fighter wing. i was there will not place blew up. i don't think any of us were thinking of terrorism than the way it is now. we were not prepared to fight to we were brought up to fight to the soviet union. i asked my teenage daughter what is going on with russia? it is a soviet union. what is that? it was of big things back then before toppled most of us had ne
in the little city that nobody has heard of. why mention ak acapulco everybody knows that. it was three hours away from there. >> when did your parents come to the united states? how would were you? >> my father came here in 1977 when i was two years old. and he sent for my mother a few years later. my mother came here in 1980 when was four and a half. >> when did you come to the united states? >> i came to the united states in 1985. >> how would were you? >> in may of 1985, i was nine and a half going on fen. >> what can you tell us about coming to the united states. what was your trek? >> well, i had been separated from my father for eight years. so when he returned to mexico in '85, my siblings and i convinced us to bring us back here. he wasn't going come back to mexico. he didn't want to spend my more time separated from him. he begged them to bring us. he didn'tment to bring me because i was nine and a half and he thought i wouldn't be able to make it across the border because we had to run across illegally. so i begged them to bring me here, and we took a bus from mexico city to i thin
in the united states. which began in jamestown and williamsburg and ended in new york city and included an impromptu visit to a supermarket in suburban maryland. ruth gave me an impromptu and valuable personal perspective on her conduct its queen and her relationship with her husband, prince philip. one of my favorite descriptions was of a moment on the president's airplane when philip was immersed in the sports section of the newspaper and ignoring his wife's questions on the postcards to their children. when she pressed him, he got flustered. it was so interesting what was happening when her husband wasn't paying attention to her, he said. he also noticed that elizabeth was very certain and comfortable in her role and very much in control. yet, once when ruth was waiting at the white house for her husband, ruth heard her roaring with laughter at one of the protocols. you didn't realize that she had that kind of a hearty laugh, booth said. the minute she rounded the corner, she straightened up. this combination of public dignity exists to this day. the 1957 visit was remarkable for its
would sell in new york city. it is a little over an hour. >> the indictment of the west. and i thought. we were shooting in white chapel . in london, a jewish neighborhood he started reminiscing about his life crawling gabba at his uncle's radio shop. reminiscent. his magnificence radio actor voice became east asia and went back to 1938. his face lit up remembering those days growing up in the warmth of the jewish ghetto of london. and i thought, how can harold pinter, who i do revers, denigrate the west. every other two in london would have been killed. i thought that was kind of odd. i was remembering the political views and the cultural upbringing. then i remember thinking, when he first started writing about politics, i was a young writer. i thought, isn't that a shame that this wonderful writer has turned into an old man and all he can do is read about politics. well, ha ha. but i think what happens, you know, one of our other great philosophies, a great, great poet. he said he had done his fighting and he commenced to studying about the great long time. so that is what i have bee
in the city been arrested before. i said i've never been arrested in my life, which is true, but they still searched the car and found the drugs and at that point i was a product of the system. what was relevant was to search was illegal. they need the drugs were in the car and they got the drugs of history, but that hasn't been in effect strategy when you start looking at the drug war. >> so you're busted. >> sometime later there's another legal issue that comes up. your back is against the wall and that's when you get the knock on the door. you walk out and someone says they think these are law enforcement people out here. >> i was arrested and scared straight. i decided that i'd rather be poor and free than have a little bit of money and not be a little at night. so for two years i was on probation. i patent attorney $32,000 to get me off the hook. that is something that's not really fair in the justice system. if you can afford proper representation, you'll get a slap on the wrist and that's all i got was probation. for two years of cut myself clean, but of course my friends were still
cover any war. but sheridan was never written so high nor would have cities and counties named after him without cedar creek. a statue in sheridan circle in washington depicts sheridan on his towering warhorse in the act of rowling his army at cedar creek. green with age, a statute conveys sheridan's electric energy. lincoln and more secretary ever stand had thought of the 33 year-old sheridan too young when grant proposed in july 1864 that he command the new army of the shenandoah. sheridan's size contributed to the impression of youth that he projected. he was just 5'5" and only 115 pounds in 1864. but as grant memorably replied to one officer commented on sheridan's diminutive stature, i think you'll find him plenty big enough for the job. just before sheridan's appointment, confederate general early and 14,000 troops have marched down the shenandoah valley, across the potomac at threatened washington, the tremendous shock, the capital was thrown into a panic, grant rushed troops to the city from his army outside petersburg, and early withdrew. to prevent a recurrence, the lincoln adm
books took me to dinner in new york city at one of these restaurants where you would never want to go where you have to pay. [laughter] and he said what's your next book going to be about in and i said, oh, well, i haven't decided. i'm going to do some thinking, some reading, some research. and he looked at me and said, what? i said, yeah, i want to do thinking, reading, reporting, weighing the alternatives, and he said why are you going to waste your time? [laughter] i said, well, that's what you try to do. and he said, no, no, no, you are one of our authors. i need to know right now, tonight, what your next book is going to be. i said this is, that's preposterous. he said, i need to know. now, he's one of these people who grinds on you, and you're at dipper alone no matter what would come up, he would bring the subject back to, oh, maybe you should do a book on that, what about this? he would just grind away. you may know people like this. [laughter] you may work for somebody like that. [laughter] even better, you may be married to somebody like that. [laughter] who just grinds away
in salt lake city, and there, he did research gene loming -- gene research op dignitaries. john ashcroft, george w. bush, bill and hillary clinton, walter cronkite, sean hannity, charles, larry king, barack obama, kevin rudd, mike wallace, barbara walters, and oprah winfrey, and he can be awarded the prize of the damnest name dropper in utah. [laughter] the other working for more than 20 years. he's also -- he was also a member of the safe of the utah state archives and served as director for 14 of the years. he was an an archivist in the museum society, published articles in sunstone, exponent to dialogue, and the journal, and as well as the encyclopedia of mormonism. we'll begin today with our author, john turner. >> thank you, lloyd, and, thank you, all, for coming. i thought i'd take a little bit of time and tell you a couple stories from my biography, and i think i'll just say a few things about how i got interested in the project. i didn't know all that much about mormonism or mormon history five years ago, but a few things gave me the desire to explore the mormon path, and as i st
for the family history library in salt lake city and bear, he did research genealogical research on some dignitaries, john ashcroft, george w. bush, bill and hillary clinton, walter cronkite, sean hannity, charlton heston, henry kissinger, barack obama, kevin redden, mike wallace, barbara walters and oprah winfrey. he can be awarded the prize of the damnedest name dropper in utah. [laughter] our weather panelists is jeff johnson who is retired from the lds church historical department where he worked for more than 20 years. he was also a member of the staff at the utah state archives and served as director for 14 of those years. he was an archivist at the cherokee national history society. he has published historical articles and an exponent to dialogue and journal. as well as the encyclopedia of mormonism. we will begin today with our illustrious author, john turner. >> thank you floyd and thank all of you for coming. i thought i would take a little bit of time and tell you a couple of stories from my biography of brigham young. and i think i will just say a few things about how i got i
for the inner-city. oakley hunter polite reminder that fannie mae was no longer a government agency. it was supposed to be managing its own affairs. mrs. harris threatened legislation to try to restore more government control over fannie mae. hunter always a ladies man tried sending flowers to mrs. harris, and even a box of fannie mae chocolates. she sent them back. she said if she ate those chocolates should become as fat as the prophets at fannie mae. well, finally the two sides came to a compromised. the department of housing and urban development, had, would set goals for amy's financing of mortgages for poor people. if that part of the business ever fell below a certain level. oakley hunter's people figured they had snookered mrs. harris because they were promising to do only what they would have done anyway. but a president have been set. the government could impose quotas on fannie mae. now it was ronald reagan's turn. it was morning in america. peter wallison was a young whippersnapper in the treasury. surely president reagan would finish the job of getting the government co
-- scott con conquers mexico city with an army that range 10 or 11,000. this is a third of a size of mcdowell's army at first bull run and much smaller than the armies at places like gettysburg, and scott this only person with experience but he is too old to take the field. all the future civil war generals are officers who -- their only experience with what we would call major combat operations is the mexican war, and after that all they did was fight indian s on the front -- frontier so their expertise is also terribly deficient but it's better than what everyone else harks which is nothing. so, there is a small professional army, but the army of the union and the confederacy produce cannot be described as professional, i would say, until probably 1862. >> host: , if you teach this book here at the naval academy, if you teach your own book here at the naval academy, what do you want students to leave with? >> guest: for me, i don't teach the book because of fears of -- you never want to be that professor who is so obviously trying to sell books with a captive audience. i think for me
? >> i was born in mexico, southern mexico in a little city that nobody has heard of. but when i mentioned, everybody knows a couple. it was three hours away from acapulco. >> when did your parents come to the united states? how old were you? >> my father came there in 1977 when i was two years old. and he sent for my mother of two years later, so my mother came here in 1980 when i was four and a half years old. >> when did you come to the united states? >> i came to the united states in 1985 speed how old were you? >> in may of 1985. i was nine and a half, going on 10. >> what can you tell us about coming to the united states? what was your truck? >> well, i have been separate from my father for eight years, so when he returned to mexico in 85, my siblings and i convinced him to bring us back here because he wasn't going to come back to mexico. and we didn't want to spend any more time separated from him. so we begged him to bring is your, and my father did really want to bring me because i was nine and a half and he thought it wouldn't be able to make it across the border becau
different steel mills, for about engraft immediately on the fifth one put out a plan to kansas city that the blame on being. >> ray. what jimmy carter's programs didn't work then. as i mentioned, i remember waiting in the 1970s to philip gasoline in the washington d.c. area. just as the programs didn't work then and are not working now, they're unlike to work in the future. it's just that the government is not good at picking winning projects. the government wouldn't have thought of picking apple iphone five for example. that is expensive, but people wait in line because they want to buy one. it's not necessarily technology and expensive. is it just know what people want spend money and we don't know what it is. but there's other smart entrepreneurs and i'm sure many in the audience who have a better idea than the folks in washington. >> would you be in favor of a significantly higher gasoline tax to address the hidden social cost of pollution, what economists refer to as externalities? >> if i thought the castling were underpriced coming if they would be in favor of a carbon tax, n
at visiting new countries. in early '56 they attended the moderation of the new resicilian president a city show called the most beautiful city she had ever seen and the party at the palace were fabulous. but she did find a client change quite a terrific adjustment. they went in january. there was a 75 degree climate change when they went in one day. in july of that year, the nixons set off on a another tour. she explained in a letter it was a fast and full trip. the course of one day, we were in three countries thailand, pakistan, and turkey. a lot her husband with government leaders she had her own schedule. in the end she wrote, it was a dizzy but happy that in such a short time so much could be accomplished. in november of 1958, the couple traveled to london where pat wowed much of the british press with the wardrobe and unspoiled manner. the following year they went to the soviet union and poll poll lane. -- poland -- argued the merit of communism and capitalism in an exhibition of american consumer goods. pat had her own agenda of visiting or fan inches and hospitals. she might have g
was talking about how back in johnson city the old timer setting aside and played dominoes and one of them says to another, yes, he sure comes up in the world. .. >> he wants of the most important political principles, in order of importance our loyalty, loyalty, loyalty, loyalty, loyalty, loyalty loyalty. courage and compassion are the other two qualities that i think cemented the bond between these people. because they knew that they could trust each other absolutely in these areas. mike, would you talk a little bit about transcends courage and give us a good example of that? >> welcome i suppose the best example is in october of 1968. she and lyndon johnson were leaving the baker hotel in dallas, walking across the street to an event at the adolphus hotel. focusing on well-to-do women who were therefore a event. they carried what mrs. johnson described in her oral history is a sea of angry slogans. she says that they did not like lbj and they hated kennedy. and this mom essentially blocked the passage. it made a very different and difficult for them to get through. and you have to reali
city to be the silicon valley of the maker movement what are the steps we should be taking to foster that kind of innovation and growth? >> the great thing about it is it doesn't have to be a center. it is happening everywhere. the second thing is really cool surprises of the last five years that brooklyn, new york has turned out to be as much a part of the maker movement is any place. how is it possible that we are bringing manufacturing to brooklyn? surely is not about low-cost labor and the answer is as the tools get smaller and smarter and cheaper it is less and less about big manufacturing and more and more about design, ideas, the creativity, the human component, and new york is the design center of america, more design schools than anywhere else the new york's design skills compensate for its labor costs inefficiencies and that is fantastic to move manufacturing to where the most creative smartest people are. you don't have to move manufacturing to the lowest cost of labor or brown sites in the middle of industrial waste land. you can move manufacturing to where people live an
. such a pleasure to see you all year at what is absolutely one of my favorite advance in the city every year, the boss and books festival. i am co-host of radio boston. [applause] >> thank you very much. if you don't listen to this show i'm going to give a shameless plug. 3:00 p.m. monday through friday and, of course, very proud to be a presenting partner for boston but festival because this spirit that brings literally tens of thousands of us together on a day like this inquiry investigation exploration, love of learning and literature, it is a natural combination for the city of boston, boston but festival, and w. b. you are. i'm honored and proud to be here, especially for this panel. and before i introduce the three amazing women who are sitting to my right, a couple of quick reminders. one is that cell phones, if you have already been given that reminder, please turn them off. at the very, very least, silent. since we are in the smart file generation, i also ask you to -- i urge you to resist the urge to tweet were facebook or look stuff up during this panel. let's try and create a sac
jersey. c-span: how far away was he driving into new york city? >> guest: he was about half an hour, 45 minutes from new york. c-span: what was the office like? how many people worked around him? >> guest: actually, he had an office in new jersey. he worked for years in manhattan, but the traffic was too much for him. so he moved an office in woodcliff lake, new jersey, and that's where i went. he had a very small staff: four people; he had two secretaries, an administrative assistant and me. c-span: and what was the first day you went to work for him? >> guest: july 3rd, 1990. so right after my graduation. c-span: a total of four years you spent there? >> guest: yes. c-span: how many trips did you take with him? >> guest: i accompanied him on two international trips. in february, i went with him to eastern europe and to russia, and later that year, in april, i went with him to asia. c-span: what do you remember from that experience, the international travel? >> guest: well, i remember so many things. what stands out to me the most, though, is that nixon was so generous and so good to m
city could institute a league of nations. a feel-good, toothless, unmotivated group of international elites. but wilsonian idealism did a central role every shaping postwar europe as millions of people were moved around the continent like chess pieces and porters were changed by client-side etch-a-sketch. one verse i purchased a bad cold people under discussion abstract lumps. another quote, the phrase national self-determination is simply loaded with dynamite. it will raise hopes they can never be realized. inc. of the misery it will cause, unquote. british diplomat harold nicholson walked into a study to find david. george, george clemenceau and woodrow wilson handing over a giant map spread on the carpet. he said, quote, they are cutting the baghdad railway. clemens with his blue gloved hand on the map looks psychic gorilla i feel avery. it is appallingly ignorant and irresponsible men should be cutting asia minor tidbits as if they were dividing a cake. entire populations were relocated to facilitate national self-determination and democracy was imposed on nations of the most bas
? >> the route was and still is very multi-cultural cosmopolitan international city. .. >> guest: but the american presence was no greater anywhere else, and lists in addition to being ambitious, visionary and practical and compassionate was very patriotically american. he wanted to create a school that was not going to be controlled by other nationalities or other interests. he wanted to create a school that represented the american model of education, that lived american values and that gave people in the middle east an awareness that an american education was something that would benefit their lives every day in tangible ways. and he succeeded. >> host: why is it important to tell this story, in your view? >> guest: because i think most middle easterners and americans, for that matter, are unaware of in this longer, deeper humanitarian dimension of america's involvement in the middle east. when we think about our involvement in the middle east, it usually centers on oil, israel and military security. and middle easterners feel likewise. they don't think about what are the long
can we keep inculcating this? i think one thing is in the big city, i think it's easy to inculcate this in the city where you come across people who look different all the time. then i also talk about literature. when i was a kid i did not come across people who looks different all the time and i learned about religious minorities, african-americans and i learned from books. there was one particular author that i talk about, arcuri d. angeli who was a pennsylvania woman who wrote books about religious minorities and she particularly focused on minorities that had lives that seem constraining to the majority. one of my favorite looks when i was little was a book called meehan about a little quaker girl who wants the pink party dress is dresses that her classmates had and she really hates it that her mother is urging her to wear this grey gray and so on. then one day, it said in the period of the underground railway, the mother -- well, a woman comes who is a slave from the underground railway and she is looking for a place to hide and she spots this little girl by her quaker attire.
engagement overall, cities that are perfectly capable if they are empowered or have resources to solve their own problems. i would rather have that happen. >> barbara and that ayanna pressley gets the last word. >> interesting thing to remember. race to the top started with george bush and was advanced by obama. we are doing things at the national level to reduce the education disparity. obamacare started with mitt romney. it was romneycare before and giving access to health insurance is one of the most important things we consume in this nation to level the disparities in health and the disparities created by lack of access to health insurance. so we have bipartisan support for two of the most important things that are going to level us. the things we don't do is think about where do we help the most people the fastest, thinking about per capita returns on investment and our biggest weakness as a nation is community colleges, it skill gaps that we have left open. left wide open between the industries we are holding on to as we compete globally and how well we have done educating the p
breaking thing about what happened at jonestown is that those who went down there, the poor, the inner city, the progressives, went to jonestown to think they were partaking in a great social experiment, that they were going to stay for a month. they were going to send kids off for a semester abroad and come home, and then once they got down there, jim johns took their passports, money, and said no one's going home. no one can leave. that is the most chilling thing i found in my research, and a year before the massacre, he is starting to talk to them about the fact that someday they are going to commit revolutionary suicide. someday they are going to die to protest capitalism. when he first brings it up, people are like wait a second, we didn't come to die, but to give our children a better life. they argued with him night after night. you know, he would hold meetings in the central pavilion of jonestowning, and they would say we want to defend our community. we want to live, and, you know, you have to read the book, but, you know, eventually, he was able to break them down by depriving the
to washington. it was a shock. capital was thrown to a panic. grant rushed troops to the city from his army outside peter berg and early withdrawal. they merged four military department with the new one with sheraton in charge of it. he was ordered to pursue army to the death and to destroy the shenandoah valley grain, produce, and livestock. on september 19, he attacked the army and defeated it at the third battle of winchester. three days later, sheraton's army followed up with the soaked victory at fisher's hill. after the two victories in september and sheraton did not expect an attack by the rebels. who are out numbered roughly two to one. a daybreak october 19, they launched a brilliant surprise attack literally catching the union soldiers sleeping. they routed the 34,000 men. after a quick breakfast he left winchester with the staff news of the debacle that was still unfondled in seeder creek had not reached him. riding south, he heard cannon fire as he and the team grew drew closer. reaching a hill top, he saw the magnitude of the gasser that had fallen the army who clad soldiers sw
owned park granted to the city for some reason or other. that is part of the answer. the other answer is i had a hard time convincing the people who designed the dust jacket to get all the words on there that are already on their. the man who -- "the man who saved the union," ulysses grant, the man who saved the union war and peace is a lot of words and especially with a photograph. i didn't want to push things. one last thing. ulysses grant sort of rolls off the tongue. add an s, ulysses s. grant, it really wasn't an oversight. it was by design. >> a more substantive question about the title. it is called "the man who saved the union". i get that, he was the general who turned the tide of the civil war, saving the union but what i didn't know until i read the book, the work of saving the union went on much beyond the civil war for him as president. he saved the union twice, one could argue. is that correct or am i just making this up? >> you are not supposed to say that with such a quizzical tone. you are supposed to say and i was convinced upon reading it that he did save the union
. i have been coming to atlanta for decades, and i still have a very strong connection to the city. my wife went to college here. my brothers went to ask you here. my oldest son also went to law school here. my younger son with his family, he lives here. my wife has an aunt and cousin who also appear. there are still very strong connections. tonight, i'm going to discuss abraham lincoln's role of 1860 to 1861. more specifically, i'm going to talk about abraham lincoln and how he rejected any meaningful compromise. in november 1860 after his election, the country was gripped because many southerners felt in the republican party, the republican party was in northern party and proudly so. they did not have a significant southern connection. lincoln was elected without a single electoral vote without any of the southern states. the first time in the nations history, a party without any notable southern components would be taking over the executive branch of the national government. but there was more. the republican party was probably a northern party. during its existence in the mid-1850s
city every day. and churchill hoped and pleaded with the french to continue fighting. both countries had pledged, one to another, that they would not drop out of the war and make a separate peace. unless they were released from this pledge by the other. the french began to think that they would want to make a separate peace, and they began to talk to the british about this. churchill said, no, we can't release you from that pledge. we want you to keep fighting all the way down to the mediterranean if you have to. and if you have to, across the mediterranean keep fighting from north africa. and a big part of the reason was that the french fleet was a very, very large fleet, many battleships. it was the fourth largest navy in the world. and churchill was very worried that if france was conquered, then hitler would seize the french fleet. and the arithmetic was if you put the german fleet -- which was considerable, they had the business mark coming along -- together with the italian fleet which was an allyover thier -- ally of the germans and had a considerable fleet in the method train
. and one councilmember is on the beverly hills city council. coming to the school district it was no longer the white house district but we imbedded conservative values and no trophies or no kool-aid drinking. guess what? kids be paid their well-dressed and well mannered and they show up. no more truancy your people cursing at teachers. we want to say is what difference it can make with a leadership. to quote in due by bart culture is created by the media. print media and we see above fox news has done and talk radio why aren't we getting together? >> that is a great idea. >> if you change california i could tell you sacramento is broke and. please but against every single tax. [applause] >> this crowd does not need to be reminded. >> the ballot is very long. vote against every single one. it's like giving her a went to a junkie. >> herald-tribune is for sale. how do we by media? >> bella also like to comment on the public-school said. liberals don't favor that but they send their kids to the white private school it does not matter to them but who is by teeing the vouchers to the and mail a
. then this was one of the biggest cities did europe. that is remarkable. geographically it is such a yucky place. foggy, the speedos, lagoons, the only reason the italians ended up there they were chased off. is incredibly rich state sending traditions to china controlling demands and how did they do it? this fabulous rise to the most economic open system of that time. with a particular form of contract system if you would take on risk if he did not have capital you could share in the deal with a partner did and go on a mission the guy who did not have capital to risk his life but share of the profits. this was the reason you had the wealth of that is. but in the 14th century the guise of the top realized this is a little uncomfortable you had your capital hague out at home but you did not want to go to china the do guys for coming up pushing you out of the elite sedate introduced the official book of the oligarchy if you were in it you were ruling a oligarch not just historians today this is the moment they closed their society but at the time the nation's felt it was a closing of the system ca
suit and a bag of books and decided to go to a city outside of kabul and suddenly realized he was standing in the square. he was in the middle of a fight between two warlords and bullets were flying and bombs were exploding and no one was on the street. and he had a little card that he had been given by the american embassy and he called that number, somewhere -- someone from the military came and rescued him. there was another time where he almost lost his life driving route 66 for "vanity fair" and a red corvette and they gave him a phone for that because he was terrified on the roads in america by himself. his tire blew out and that was the closest he came to dying but i can literally give you 50 stories of, from the romanian revolution to when he was in an event called zaire where he was in war zones and tricky situations and almost lost his life. and then he also covered areas of the world where few people had been. north korea. many people had been in iran but the time he went to tehran it was off-limits in the places he went and so on. what i realized is, he had been th
in the city where charles mclain lives. well, he lived in manchester, new hampshire. he couldn't say specifics, but they found ways to get around that, and the second was how did they talk about sustained combat -- is that -- >> make thingsÑi look nice to te families. did they talk, emotionally, how they dealt with being under fire, knowing they would be the next day, and doing it the next day, and the day after that and the day after that? >> well, i can tell you that the letters became sparser when they were in combat. i mean, they spent a lot of time waiting around for combat. what i know about that i learnedded from the letters they wrote later, the four of the five of them were in the hospital. they had a lot of time to write letters. they didn't talk too much about how they dealt with fear. more they talk about how hard it was to start losing men. that seemed to be the thing that really impressed them, and it was difficult, and that was something i think they could share. my uncle talked once looking forward to going -- another moment he knew they would be encountering the enemy, and ho
, he said to his mother i arrived in the city where charles mclane lives. charles mclane went to manchester, new hampshire so he wasn't allowed to say really where he was specifically but they found ways to get around that. and the second was, how did they talk about sustained combat? >> trying to make things look nice for their family. did they talk at all about emotionally how they dealt with being under fire, knowing they would be under fire the next day and doing it the next day in the day after that in the day after that? >> i can tell you that the letters became more sparse when they were in combat. they spent a lot of time waiting around for combat during the battle of alamein. what i know about that i learned from the letters that they wrote later. the four of the five sent a lot of letters. they don't talk too much about how they dealt with fear. more, they talked about how hard it was to start losing men. that was the thing that really impressed them and it was difficult. that was something i think they could share. my uncle talked once about looking forward to going
that i want my city to be part of the movement, what steps should they take to make it grow? >> the great thing if it doesn't have to be the center. it's happening everywhere. the second thing is one of the really cool surprises is brooklyn or new york has tried to make a movement. how is it possible that we are bringing manufacturing to brooklyn? the answer is that as the tools get smaller and smarter and cheaper, it's more and more about design and the idea of creativity and what is the design center of america. we have more design schools than anywhere else. so the design skills compensate for the labor costs. you know, inefficiencies. i think it is fantastic the new manufacturing to where the most creative and smart people are. you don't have to move it to the middle of industrial wastelands, but to where people live and where they have ideas and needs. shorter supply chains, more stable manufacturing. contact between the main way things are made and consumed. it is a fundamentally healthy model. >> we have time for one last question. i know whenever you open questions of, there is al
, venice was one of the biggest cities in europe, one of the biggest and richest and that is remarkable. if you have ever been there, geographically is such a crummy place. foggy, mosquito ridden, lagoons, very hard to build and the reason the italian ended up there was the hon is chased them off of the good land. here it was, incredibly rich and powerful state sending its trade missions all the way to china. controlling, controlling lands along the croatian coast, controlling land is very far into the italian in land, how did they do it? nations -- we'd like going there. to probably the most open economic system of that time. they have a particular form of contract system which allowed very unusually, if you were a person willing to take on risk, even if you didn't have capital you could share in a deal with a partner who did have capital got a trading mission and the guy didn't have capital the risk his life took a share of the profits. this really was the reason you had a huge mercantile figure and wealth of venice. but in the fourteenth century, as venice was getting going, the guys
as they start coming home over the next couple of years. >> host: "the imperial life in the emerald city" was about baghdad. "little america" is about afghanistan. >> next on booktv, damien echols recalls his arrest, incarceration and eventual release for the murder of three 8-year-old boys in 1993. mr. echols and two other men, jesse and jason baldwin dubbed the west memphis three, spent 17 years in prison. mr. echols discusses the case and his time spent on death row at town hall seattle. it's about an hour, ten. [applause] >> um, thank you guys for coming out tonight. damien, thank you very much for coming all the way to seattle. >> thank you for having me. >> um, you have been through something that i think not that many people have been through, a sort of grind that feels like it might never end and sort of you wonder if one day will just run into the next. and i speak, of course, of the media tour you've been on for this book. [laughter] "life after death." what is more mundane, prison or doing a book tour? [laughter] >> in some ways the book tour's actually a little more stressful
talked about my friends that had been killed working with of the city high school kids and other people talk about their experiences with friends who had been killed and there was a personal deep discussion that we never would have had if not for that provocation and still at the end didn't we just see what's happening when we were talking about things we wouldn't have talked about other wisecracks free speech has a moral high ground. someone who claims that, you know, like i'm on the side of niceness and so devotee. they are on the side of their own power to tell you to say. they will never see that to them. >> i am john peterson to reply to the american university. >> my undergraduate all modern. >> like a lot of the private colleges it has restricted speech codes. and i know that you have talked a lot about the whole guarantee but there are a lot fewer tools that's harder to make the case for the free speech. how would you recommend that we go about that? >> i don't spend too much time on that because i write so much about this in their religion about the things in the private and pu
will continue to guess the word out on the book and the documentary but you move from new york city recently to sailor massachusetts ironically. [laughter] what do see your life like in salem massachusetts? >> whenever we don't have to keep pushing the case like this and not dedicate all of our time to get out of of legal tango of a bike to have a small meditation center were i could share the things i had to learn that saved my sanity for those who are in desperate situations. >> host: you talk about something as mundane as the at the bank by guess all of this has prepared you for a lot of shit in your life? >> in prison people say how do you do it? the answer is you don't have a choice. whenever you get out to that is what you still do. >> host: i don't know you guys and what your priorities were before you were involved in this case but how has it changed you? >> she just said it turned us into people. >> the first time revisited damien they bring candid and his hands are behind his back it is almost comical because you can tell right away he is harmless besides being a pretty good, man t
was remarkable in that he actually questioned the system that had enough and city to realize that slaves freed would be so angry by the way they were treated that they might actually rebel. >> you know, jefferson was wrong because when they were freed, there was no general rebel in -- rebellion. jefferson throughout his life, he was an exaggerator and one of, the revolutionary war was -- it was a bit of a shock to him because a number of slaves ran off and joined the british to get their freedom and he never forgive them for that. that overrode the loyalty that many more slaves had shown to the americans and overrode the fact that -- first of all i should mention george washington integrated the american army in 1775 throughout the war in washington's army and jefferson never once as governor offered freedom to any of his slaves who would fight for the american cause. but the disloyalty of a relatively small number of slaves during the perceived disloyalty, that looms large in jefferson's mind in the loyalty of all the other blacks black sea completely discounted. then he wrote this fantasy in
, cities and towns across the nation through festive dinners and dances for jackson and he attended many of these on a victory tour. men and women alike gathered to celebrate the feast and to repeat the page craddock myth of how general jackson say the women of the country from certain rape are going georgetown in december of 1815 for example, celebrants offered a toast urging quote the feelings of patriotism and beauty to the watchword of ute and booty. fighting side-by-side to protect women of every hue from gang style attacks by british forces. contemporaries celebrated black contributions to jackson's victory and made explicit claims that the british had planned to target black and white women alike for us all. the song close by boasting that the british quote left us all that beauty and antiwar new englanders by saying, sent for as he boys and we will protect you ladies. the song was reprinted in broadside font across the country. the real beauty of the story of beauty and booty as it became to be elaborated was it helps then from leading politicians to family patriarchs argue that
for the suburbs and not nearly enough for the inner city. okayly hunter politely reminded her it was no longer a government age. it was supposed to be imagining the own affairs. she threatened legislations to try to restore more government control over fannie mae. hunter always a lady's man tried sending flours to -- flowers to mrs. harris and even a box of fannie mae chock lits. she sent them back. she said if she ate the chocolates she would become as fat as the profit at fannie mae. well, finally the two sides came to a comprise. the hud would set goals for the finances of mortgage for poor people if the business fell below a certain level. well hunter's people figured they had snookered mrs. harris. they were prompting to do only if whey that would have done anyway. but a precedent had been set. the government could impose quota on fannie mae. now it was ronald reagan's turn. it was morning in america, peter was a young guy in the treasury. surely president reagan would finish the job of getting the government completely out of this mortgage business. there was even the perfect pretect. fa
in small towns and cities is developing a more vital role than they ever had. >> could they ever exist without physical books? >> i doubt it because this is looking at the ways students study at harvard. maybe they are not typical of the whole american population. i agree. when library is open 24 hours a day. we watched the students there. they are sitting in groups. they've got books on the table. they also have computers. they have coffee cups. they can he and libraries, which used to be on drugs to. there is a new electricity in the air. now the old library, we just sat on a table and concentrated have its advantages as well. i honestly feel that the presence of books provides a threatening that matters. i can't see what libraries will look like 20 years from now, but i think books are around and will stay around. >> we have time for two questions from the audience. >> you raise your hand first. >> i could probably speak loud enough without this. this is an excellent presentation. i'm glad i decided to come here this afternoon. i've been asking myself the question for quite a while
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